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California Opiate/Cocaine Possession

California Metropolitan Area Counties
1995 Opiate/Cocaine Sales Arrests by Race

(Data Source: Uniform Crime Reports. See below for notes.)


ALL

BLACK

WHITE

AM. INDIAN

ASIAN-PAC.

METROPOLITAN AREA

JURISDICTION

TL

POP

RATE

TL

POP (est)

RATE

TL

POP (est)

RATE

TL

POP (est)

RATE

TL

POP (est)

RATE

All listed below.

All listed below.

25,618 28,550,840 89.73 8,761 2,224,789 393.79 16,760 22,690,486 73.86 24 249,949 9.60 73 3,385,814 2.16

Bakersfield, Ca.

Kern

234 591,327 39.57 73 38,081 191.69 161 516,997 31.14 0 10,407 0.00 0 25,841 0.00

Chico-Paradise, Ca.

Butte

8 147,255 5.43 0 2,106 0.00 8 136,829 5.85 0 2,886 0.00 0 5,434 0.00

Fresno, Ca.

Fresno

888 701,987 126.50 231 36,995 624.41 653 582,930 112.02 3 8,985 33.39 1 73,077 1.37

Fresno, Ca.

Madera

53 98,921 53.58 7 3,373 207.52 46 91,749 50.14 0 1,949 0.00 0 1,860 0.00

Los Angeles-Long Beach, Ca.

Los Angeles

12,661 8,991,688 140.81 3,909 1,033,145 378.36 8,719 6,749,161 129.19 5 55,748 8.97 28 1,153,634 2.43

Merced, Ca.

Merced

71 180,483 39.34 40 8,844 452.30 31 151,155 20.51 0 2,003 0.00 0 18,481 0.00

Modesto, Ca.

Stanislaus

201 337,769 59.51 63 6,350 992.12 136 305,411 44.53 1 4,087 24.47 1 21,921 4.56

Oakland, Ca.

Alameda

292 945,700 30.88 200 180,345 110.90 91 585,388 15.55 0 7,755 0.00 1 172,212 0.58

Oakland, Ca.

Contra Costa

427 703,461 60.70 329 68,025 483.65 97 546,237 17.76 0 4,995 0.00 1 84,134 1.19

Orange County, Ca.

Orange

1,492 2,404,449 62.05 127 44,723 283.97 1,359 2,044,022 66.49 1 13,705 7.30 5 301,999 1.66

Redding, Ca.

Shasta

15 151,955 9.87 5 1,200 416.51 10 142,974 6.99 0 4,240 0.00 0 3,541 0.00

Riverside-San Bernardino, Ca.

Riverside

365 1,236,965 29.51 144 72,362 199.00 215 1,094,590 19.64 6 14,472 41.46 0 55,540 0.00

Riverside-San Bernardino, Ca.

San Bernardino

766 1,504,650 50.91 370 126,391 292.74 393 1,282,112 30.65 3 17,153 17.49 0 78,994 0.00

Sacramento, Ca.

El Dorado

22 136,222 16.15 0 736 0.00 22 130,528 16.85 0 1,553 0.00 0 3,419 0.00

Sacramento, Ca.

Placer

11 178,015 6.18 1 1,175 85.11 10 169,684 5.89 0 2,101 0.00 0 5,038 0.00

Sacramento, Ca.

Sacramento

618 1,063,024 58.14 486 104,602 464.62 131 820,548 15.96 1 14,032 7.13 0 123,842 0.00

Salinas, Ca.

Monterey

110 346,473 31.75 36 20,996 171.46 72 287,191 25.07 0 3,638 0.00 2 34,613 5.78

San Diego, Ca.

San Diego

1,582 2,645,313 59.80 502 171,945 291.95 1,071 2,183,441 49.05 2 23,808 8.40 7 266,118 2.63

San Francisco, Ca.

Marin

52 192,141 27.06 22 7,321 300.52 30 173,945 17.25 0 807 0.00 0 10,049 0.00

San Francisco, Ca.

San Francisco

3,043 738,371 412.12 1,435 80,113 1,791.21 1,604 400,345 400.65 0 3,840 0.00 4 254,073 1.57

San Francisco, Ca.

San Mateo

264 589,278 44.80 108 32,528 332.02 151 434,828 34.73 0 2,829 0.00 5 119,152 4.20

San Jose, Ca.

Santa Clara

688 1,463,461 47.01 163 56,197 290.05 515 1,091,596 47.18 2 10,244 19.52 8 305,571 2.62

San Luis Obispo-Atascadero, Paso Robles, Ca.

San Luis Obispo

18 189,438 9.50 1 5,266 18.99 17 175,154 9.71 0 2,216 0.00 0 6,801 0.00

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Ca.

Santa Barbara

299 376,773 79.36 76 11,567 657.05 220 339,359 64.83 0 4,559 0.00 3 21,288 14.09

Santa Cruz-Watsonville, Ca.

Santa Cruz

199 216,399 91.96 3 2,878 104.24 196 201,100 97.46 0 2,077 0.00 0 10,344 0.00

Santa Rosa, Ca.

Sonoma

40 286,047 13.98 10 4,405 227.01 30 267,883 11.20 0 3,633 0.00 0 10,155 0.00

Stockton-Lodi, Ca.

San Joaquin

631 507,436 124.35 258 29,634 870.61 367 395,749 92.74 0 5,683 0.00 6 76,420 7.85

Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Ca.

Napa

3 35,662 8.41 0 389 0.00 3 33,529 8.95 0 289 0.00 0 1,455 0.00

Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Ca.

Solano

128 311,356 41.11 115 43,465 264.58 13 214,680 6.06 0 3,238 0.00 0 49,973 0.00

Ventura, Ca.

Ventura

232 692,676 33.49 30 17,040 176.06 202 625,140 32.31 0 6,026 0.00 0 44,470 0.00

Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, Ca.

Tulare

161 330,536 48.71 8 5,619 142.37 152 300,226 50.63 0 5,784 0.00 1 18,940 5.28

Yolo, Ca.

Yolo

28 121,784 22.99 6 2,972 201.92 22 104,527 21.05 0 1,985 0.00 0 12,300 0.00

Yuba City, Ca.

Sutter

2 73,538 2.72 0 1,397 0.00 2 62,088 3.22 0 1,346 0.00 0 8,707 0.00

Yuba City, Ca.

Yuba

14 60,286 23.22 3 2,604 115.19 11 49,386 22.27 0 1,875 0.00 0 6,420 0.00

 

Notes:

TL: Total arrests.

POP: Coverage population of reporting law enforcement agencies.

RATE: Arrest Rate per 100,000 population.

Original Source: Uniform Crime Reports, 1995.

Data are total for reporting agencies. Population estimates by race are based on application of U.S. Census percentages of total population to the coverage population in which the arrests occurred. The racial categories and labels are as defined and used in the Uniform Crime Reports. Unfortunately separate data on arrests of Hispanics are not available.

The Uniform Crime Reports provides data on all drug arrests as well as data of arrests for drug possession and sales. Four categories are used to provide more specific data on arrests for different types of controlled substances: 1) Opium and Cocaine and their derivatives (such as Crack, Morphine, Heroin); 2) Marijuana; 3) Synthetic Narcotics - Manufactured Narcotics which can cause true drug addiction (such as Demerol, Methadone); 4) Other Dangerous Non-Narcotic Drugs (such as Barbiturates, Benzedrine, and Methamphetamine).

Primary Source: Chilton, Rowland, and Dee Weber. UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM [UNITED STATES]: ARRESTS BY AGE, SEX, AND RACE FOR POLICE AGENCIES IN METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS, 1960-1995[Computer file]. ICPSR version. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts [producer], 1998.Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor],1999.

Citation: Gettman, Jon B. "US Marijuana Arrests. Part Two - Racial Differences in Drug Arrests". Washington, D.C.: National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. (2000)