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California Opiate/Cocaine Sales

California Metropolitan Area Counties
1995 Opiate/Cocaine Possession Arrests by Race

(Data Source: Uniform Crime Reports. See below for notes.)


ALL

BLACK

WHITE

AM. INDIAN

ASIAN-PAC.

METROPOLITAN AREA

JURISDICTION

TL

POP

RATE

TL

POP (est)

RATE

TL

POP (est)

RATE

TL

POP (est)

RATE

TL

POP (est)

RATE

All listed below.

All listed below.

87,424 30,103,496 290.41 18,689 2,310,070 809.02 67,997 23,988,404 283.46 237 264,548 89.59 501 3,540,684 14.15

Bakersfield, Ca.

Kern

2,410 598,323 402.79 111 38,532 288.07 2,288 523,114 437.38 4 10,530 37.98 7 26,147 26.77

Chico-Paradise, Ca.

Butte

165 191,539 86.14 11 2,739 401.61 151 177,978 84.84 2 3,754 53.27 1 7,068 14.15

Fresno, Ca.

Fresno

2,836 733,400 386.69 576 38,650 1,490.29 2,246 609,015 368.79 10 9,388 106.52 4 76,347 5.24

Fresno, Ca.

Madera

107 105,451 101.47 5 3,596 139.05 102 97,806 104.29 0 2,077 0.00 0 1,982 0.00

Los Angeles-Long Beach, Ca.

Los Angeles

28,897 9,191,199 314.40 8,816 1,056,069 834.79 19,931 6,898,914 288.90 47 56,985 82.48 103 1,179,231 8.73

Merced, Ca.

Merced

434 197,836 219.37 50 9,694 515.78 383 165,688 231.16 0 2,196 0.00 1 20,258 4.94

Modesto, Ca.

Stanislaus

720 408,806 176.12 68 7,686 884.78 648 369,642 175.30 3 4,947 60.65 1 26,532 3.77

Oakland, Ca.

Alameda

2,906 957,339 303.55 456 182,565 249.77 2,397 592,593 404.49 10 7,850 127.39 43 174,331 24.67

Oakland, Ca.

Contra Costa

1,381 867,266 159.24 483 83,865 575.93 892 673,432 132.46 1 6,158 16.24 5 103,725 4.82

Orange County, Ca.

Orange

4,413 2,555,945 172.66 272 47,541 572.14 4,113 2,172,809 189.29 5 14,569 34.32 23 321,027 7.16

Redding, Ca.

Shasta

333 160,824 207.06 10 1,271 787.09 320 151,319 211.47 3 4,487 66.86 0 3,747 0.00

Riverside-San Bernardino, Ca.

Riverside

4,288 1,359,725 315.36 466 79,544 585.84 3,758 1,203,221 312.33 40 15,909 251.43 24 61,052 39.31

Riverside-San Bernardino, Ca.

San Bernardino

6,613 1,547,195 427.42 877 129,964 674.80 5,716 1,318,365 433.57 9 17,638 51.03 11 81,228 13.54

Sacramento, Ca.

El Dorado

211 145,569 144.95 2 786 254.43 206 139,484 147.69 1 1,659 60.26 2 3,654 54.74

Sacramento, Ca.

Placer

308 199,480 154.40 3 1,317 227.87 304 190,144 159.88 1 2,354 42.48 0 5,645 0.00

Sacramento, Ca.

Sacramento

976 1,102,826 88.50 497 108,518 457.99 475 851,271 55.80 2 14,557 13.74 2 128,479 1.56

Salinas, Ca.

Monterey

773 354,860 217.83 73 21,505 339.46 694 294,143 235.94 0 3,726 0.00 6 35,451 16.93

San Diego, Ca.

San Diego

8,323 2,645,313 314.63 2,327 171,945 1,353.34 5,844 2,183,441 267.65 32 23,808 134.41 120 266,118 45.09

San Francisco, Ca.

Marin

351 233,968 150.02 138 8,914 1,548.10 211 211,811 99.62 0 983 0.00 2 12,237 16.34

San Francisco, Ca.

San Francisco

2,484 738,371 336.42 1,291 80,113 1,611.47 1,182 400,345 295.25 3 3,840 78.13 8 254,073 3.15

San Francisco, Ca.

San Mateo

1,066 679,627 156.85 337 37,515 898.30 710 501,497 141.58 0 3,262 0.00 19 137,421 13.83

San Jose, Ca.

Santa Clara

5,213 1,561,614 333.82 728 59,966 1,214.02 4,414 1,164,808 378.95 11 10,931 100.63 60 326,065 18.40

San Luis Obispo-Atascadero, Paso Robles, Ca.

San Luis Obispo

1,180 224,831 524.84 22 6,250 351.98 1,148 207,879 552.24 6 2,631 228.09 4 8,071 49.56

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Ca.

Santa Barbara

1,020 382,403 266.73 67 11,740 570.71 945 344,430 274.37 2 4,627 43.22 6 21,606 27.77

Santa Cruz-Watsonville, Ca.

Santa Cruz

872 236,151 369.26 39 3,141 1,241.72 826 219,455 376.39 3 2,267 132.33 4 11,288 35.44

Santa Rosa, Ca.

Sonoma

544 412,251 131.96 42 6,349 661.56 494 386,073 127.96 7 5,236 133.70 1 14,635 6.83

Stockton-Lodi, Ca.

San Joaquin

1,324 520,771 254.24 366 30,413 1,203.43 943 406,149 232.18 3 5,833 51.43 12 78,428 15.30

Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Ca.

Napa

88 115,545 76.16 2 1,259 158.80 85 108,635 78.24 0 936 0.00 1 4,714 21.21

Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Ca.

Solano

426 341,933 124.59 196 47,734 410.61 225 235,763 95.43 1 3,556 28.12 4 54,880 7.29

Ventura, Ca.

Ventura

3,777 705,137 535.64 241 17,346 1,389.34 3,512 636,386 551.87 4 6,135 65.20 20 45,270 44.18

Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, Ca.

Tulare

2,293 344,978 664.68 59 5,865 1,006.03 2,207 313,344 704.34 25 6,037 414.11 2 19,767 10.12

Yolo, Ca.

Yolo

420 147,156 285.41 49 3,591 1,364.67 367 126,304 290.57 2 2,399 83.38 2 14,863 13.46

Yuba City, Ca.

Sutter

139 73,538 189.02 0 1,397 0.00 137 62,088 220.65 0 1,346 0.00 2 8,707 22.97

Yuba City, Ca.

Yuba

133 62,326 213.39 9 2,692 334.26 123 51,057 240.91 0 1,938 0.00 1 6,638 15.07

 

Notes:

TL: Total arrests.

POP: Coverage population of reporting law enforcement agencies.

RATE: Arrest Rate per 100,000 population.

Original Source: Uniform Crime Reports, 1995.

Data are total for reporting agencies. Population estimates by race are based on application of U.S. Census percentages of total population to the coverage population in which the arrests occurred. The racial categories and labels are as defined and used in the Uniform Crime Reports. Unfortunately separate data on arrests of Hispanics are not available.

The Uniform Crime Reports provides data on all drug arrests as well as data of arrests for drug possession and sales. Four categories are used to provide more specific data on arrests for different types of controlled substances: 1) Opium and Cocaine and their derivatives (such as Crack, Morphine, Heroin); 2) Marijuana; 3) Synthetic Narcotics - Manufactured Narcotics which can cause true drug addiction (such as Demerol, Methadone); 4) Other Dangerous Non-Narcotic Drugs (such as Barbiturates, Benzedrine, and Methamphetamine).

Primary Source: Chilton, Rowland, and Dee Weber. UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM [UNITED STATES]: ARRESTS BY AGE, SEX, AND RACE FOR POLICE AGENCIES IN METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS, 1960-1995[Computer file]. ICPSR version. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts [producer], 1998.Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor],1999.

Citation: Gettman, Jon B. "US Marijuana Arrests. Part Two - Racial Differences in Drug Arrests". Washington, D.C.: National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. (2000)