Speaker Bios

NORML’s Key West Legal Seminar has outstanding speakers from around the country presenting important topics such as: issues related to defense of marijuana consumers, legal issues in the cannabis industry, and resources to support each other in the pursuit of justice.


Erik Altieri

Erik Altieri

Erik Altieri is the executive director of the NORML. Previously, he was NORML’s Communications Director and ran the federal and state lobbying efforts and legislative outreach, administered NORML’s social media networks and served as a spokesman to the press from 2007-2015. During this time period he also was the manager of the NORML PAC, and worked to elect marijuana reform-friendly candidates at all levels of government. In 2015, he left NORML to explore other political issue activism including campaign finance reform and tax policy. He returned to NORML as executive director in 2016. He is the ninth executive director since NORML’s founding, and the youngest person named executive director in the organization’s history, an accomplishment recognized by Forbes Magazine when he was named one of Forbes’ 30 Under 30 for Law and Policy in 2017. Mr. Altieri is currently based in Washington, DC at NORML’s national headquarters.


Paul Armentano

Paul Armentano

Paul Armentano has over two decades experience working professionally in cannabis policy. He is the Deputy Director of NORML, the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, and he also serves on the faculty of Oaksterdam University, where he is the Chair of Science.

His writing on cannabis and cannabis policy has appeared in over 1,000 publications, scholarly and/or peer-reviewed journals, as well as in more than two dozen textbooks and anthologies. Mr. Armentano is the co-author of the book Marijuana is Safer: So Why Are We Driving People to Drink? (2009, Chelsea Green), which has been licensed and translated internationally. He is also the author of the book The Citizen’s Guide to State-By-State Marijuana Laws (2015), available from Whitman Publishing.

He is the 2013 Freedom Law School Health Freedom Champion of the Year and the 2013 Alfred R. Lindesmith award recipient in the achievement in the field of scholarship. He is the 2019 recipient of the Al Horn Memorial Award to Advance the Cause of Justice, presented by the NORML Legal Committee.


David Baugh

David Baugh
David Baugh, an attorney based in Richmond, VA, has been involved in several significant and high profile cases, including the trial of the terrorists in the 1998 bombing of the United States Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya; and capital cases in the District of Columbia and Las Vegas, Nevada. Mr. Baugh is a former president of the Virginia Association of Criminal Defense Lawyer and the Richmond Criminal Bar. He frequently lectures on such diverse topics as DNA, the First Amendment, the use of constitutional law as a criminal defense tactic and search and seizure. For his work defending, at the request of the ACLU, the Imperial Wizard of the Pennsylvania Ku Klux Klan, Mr. Baugh was named a Human Rights Hero by the American Bar Association.


Karen Bernstein

Karen Bernstein

Karen J. Bernstein is the Managing Partner of Bernstein IP, which is celebrating its 15th year serving cannabis clients on creative ways to protect their trademark, copyright, trade secrets, and domain names. The firm also provides general business and corporate services. Previously, Karen headed up the anti-counterfeiting enforcement program for such well-known celebrities as Russell Simmons’ and Pharrel Williams’ apparel brands. In recent years, Karen has provided her expertise to her clients about anti-counterfeiting programs, and she has spoken at several Cannabis industry events about counterfeiting in the Cannabis industry.

Karen is Chair Emerita of the National Cannabis Industry Association’s Packaging and Labeling Committee and serves as the Delegate on behalf of the New York State Bar Association’s Cannabis Law Section. She is also a Director of the Board of the International Cannabis Bar Association. While attending New England School of Law, Karen served as Editor-In-Chief of the New England Journal on Criminal and Civil Confinement and was a winning finalist of the Grammy’s® Recording Academy Entertainment Law Initiative national legal writing contest for her award winning paper entitled, The No Electronic Theft Act: The Music Industry’s New Instrument in the Fight Against Music Piracy, which discussed the first criminal conviction under a then-newly enacted federal statute that made it a criminal offense to upload copyrighted works, regardless of whether the offender did so for commercial purposes. The article has been quoted in many publications throughout the years. She is admitted to practice law in Colorado, New York, and Pennsylvania.


Joe Bondy

Joe BondyNamed one of America’s Top 100 Attorneys and one of the Top 100 Criminal Trial Lawyers by the American College of Trial Lawyers, Joseph Bondy is an internationally-recognized expert in criminal litigation. With over 25 years of superlative trial and federal sentencing experience, Bondy has advised thousands of clients in complex criminal defense, cannabis business and advocacy, and crisis management matters. The New York Times has described him as “eloquent and armed with the serene demeanor of a surgeon,” saying that “his oratorical intensity hovers at the evangelical.” High Times dubbed Bondy “one of the nation’s preeminent cannabis attorneys,” and his outstanding talent for defense strategy has been hailed by such outlets as CNN, Politico, and New York Law Journal, as well as legal analysts from around the world. Bondy’s unique approach to criminal defense and public media strategies were particularly praised on a global level while he represented Lev Parnas, a Guiliani associate connected to the Ukraine scandal leading to Donald Trump’s first impeachment. Bondy and Parnas’s interview on The Rachel Maddow Show (MSNBC) was its highest audience-drawing episode of all time, earning an Emmy nomination; and a subsequent feature on Anderson Cooper 360 was one of that program’s most-viewed episodes of the year.

Bondy serves on the Board of Directors for NORML and is a Vice President and Board Member of the Cannabis Cultural Association (CCA). A graduate of Columbia University and Brooklyn Law School, Bondy was a leading member of a team of attorneys on the seminal case Washington v Barr (2019), originally Washington v Sessions (2017), which took action against the Department of Justice with the aim to legalize cannabis federally. He is the founder of In The Know 420, a well-known podcast on cannabis law, policy and industry. Bondy is also a lifetime member of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers and serves on the faculty of Cardozo Law School’s Intensive Trial Advocacy Program (ITAP).


Joey Caprio


Mary Conn

Mary Conn

Since 1985, Mary Conn has defended those accused by the government of some nefarious or criminal activity. Dozens of trials, hundreds of dismissals, and some losses, give her an edge in understanding what makes cases winners, losers, or draws. Mary is licensed in Texas and California, and some federal jurisdictions.


Stephen W. Dillon

Stephen W. Dillon

Steve Dillon has practiced criminal defense throughout the state of Indiana and around the country in both federal and state courts for over forty-two years. He graduated from Purdue University in 1972 (cum laude) with a major in communications and a minor in psychology. Received his Doctor of Jurisprudence in May 1975 and was admitted to the Indiana Bar in October of 1975. Steve was Deputy Public Defender of Indiana from 1975 until 1977. From 1977 until 1988 he practiced with other private Indianapolis attorneys. In 1988 Steve opened Dillon Law Office in Indianapolis. Steve is a member of the F.I.J.A., Indiana Civil Liberties Union, ACLU, the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, NAACP, and the Indiana Bar Association. In 1994, Steve became an active member of the Criminal Justice Section of the Indiana State Bar Association and served as chair 2013-2014. Steve is currently active as a member of the Indiana Supreme Court Committee to Study Evidence-Based Pre-trial Release. Steve was a founding member and continues to remain active on NORML’S National Legal Committee. He helped start the Indiana NORML in 1974 and was State Director for over 30 years. He is Chair Emeritus of Indiana NORML Board of Directors. Steve has served as a member of the NORML National Board of Directors since 1991 and was Chairman of the Board from 1999-2011, Vice-Chair 2012-2015 and is currently serving again as Chair.

Steve was honored with several professional, political, and activist awards. In 1999, Steve received the “Dr. Barbara Bourland Light of Liberty Award” from the Libertarian Party of Indiana. In 2001, Steve received the “2000 Lights of Liberty Award” from the Advocates of Self-Government for contributing greatly to the spread of libertarian ideas and outstanding contribution to the cause of Liberty. In 2009, Steve received the “Lifetime Achievement Award” from The National NORML Board of Directors in recognition of a lifetime of activism reforming marijuana laws and advancing the cause of personal freedom. In 2011, Steve received the “Attorney of the Year Award” from the Indiana Cannabis Action Network and Relegalize Indiana. In 2014, Steve received an award for leadership and dedication as Chair of the Criminal Justice Section of the Indiana State Bar Association, and in 2014 he received the “NORML Al Horn Memorial Award” for a lifetime of ceaseless work to advance the cause of justice and extraordinary support for NORML from the NORML Legal Committee.

In 2015, Steve received the Indiana NORML “Freedom Award” for furthering the cause of personal freedom in Indiana and the nation. In 2016, Steve received the, “Steve Dasbach Chairman Award for Extraordinary Service” from the Libertarian Party of Indiana for helping to grow the party in extraordinary ways over many years.


Nikki Fried

Nikki Fried
Nikki Fried, Florida’s 12th Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services, is a lifelong Floridian, attorney and passionate activist. Born and raised in Miami, Commissioner Fried graduated from the University of Florida, where she received her bachelor’s, master’s and juris doctor degrees. While at the University of Florida, she served as student body president – the first woman to hold the position in nearly two decades.

As an attorney, she was head of the Felony Division at the Alachua County Public Defender’s Office and worked in private practice in South Florida, defending homeowners against foreclosure during the 2007-2008 housing crisis. Prior to being elected, Fried worked at law firms as a government consultant, advocating on behalf of clients before the Florida Legislature. In 2017, she formed her own firm to advocate in Tallahassee for at-risk children, the Broward County School Board, and for the expansion of patient access to medical marijuana.

Throughout her career she has served with numerous organizations including the Young Lawyers Board of Governors, Chair of the Broward Days Board of Directors, Legal Needs of Children Bar Committee, LeRoy Collins Institute, Girl Scouts of Southeast Florida, University of Florida Governmental Relations Advisory Committee, University of Florida Board of Trustees, Florida’s Children First, and others. Fried is a member of Florida Blue Key, the oldest and most prestigious leadership honorary in the state of Florida.


Gerald “Gerry” Harris Goldstein

Gerald Gerry Harris Goldstein

Gerry Goldstein is a nationally known and respected defense lawyer at Goldstein, Goldstein & Hilley in San Antonio, Texas. He is a past president of both the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers and the Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Association. He has served as amicus curiae for NACDL in many high-profile cases, including CNN v. Manuel Noriega and Joe Does v. United States, arguing lawyers should not be required to disclose the identity of cash-paying clients on IRS forms.

His forceful Congressional testimony during the 1996 House Waco hearings is credited with helping to turn the tide against further suppression of citizens’ rights in America. More recently, he represented Dr. Al-Badr Al Hazmi, a fifth-year radiology resident in San Antonio who was arrested on Sept. 12, 2001. Subsequently, Goldstein testified before Congress on his client’s request to speak with counsel.

Gerry Goldstein is listed in The Best Lawyers in America and Texas Lawyer’s Legal Legends. He also has been profiled in numerous publications, served as an adjunct professor of law at University of Texas School of Law in Austin and at St. Mary’s University School of Law in San Antonio and is a fellow in the American College of Trial Lawyers and the International Academy of Trial Lawyers.

He also is Board Certified in Criminal Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization. In his role as an adjunct professor, Gerry teaches a course titled Advanced Criminal Law (Defense of a Complex Federal Prosecution). Other lectures and presentations include U.S. Supreme Court updates, Crawford & the Current State of the Hearsay Rule, Crossing the Double Crosser and Federal Appeals.

His published works include: Grand Jury Practice; Pretrial Release; Indictment [Joinder/Severance/Transfer]; Pretrial Motions; Suppression of Evidence; Jury Selection; Trial [Evidence]; Examination of Witnesses; Jury Instructions; Closing Arguments; Creative Trial Techniques; Criminal Issues – Civil Cases; Jury Arguments [Closings to Remember]; Search and Seizure; Life and Hearsay – Post Crawford Era; Federal Appeals; and Supreme Court Review.

Gerry earned his juris doctor at the University of Texas School of Law in Austin, Texas, in 1968. He also graduated from Tulane University in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1965, with a bachelor’s degree in Business Administration.

Gerry received a certification in Criminal Law in 1975 from the State Bar of Texas. He holds the following bar admissions: Texas (1968), Colorado (1989), U.S. District Court Western District of Texas (1970), U.S. Court of Appeals 4th Circuit (1982), U.S. Court of Appeals 5th Circuit (1970), U.S. Court of Appeals 8th Circuit (1983), U.S. Court of Appeals 9th Circuit (1979), U.S. Court of Appeals 10th Circuit (1983), U.S. Court of Appeals 11th Circuit (1981) and the U.S. Supreme Court (1975).

Gerry Goldstein received NORML’s Al Horn Memorial award in 1999, which commemorated a lifetime of advocacy and support for responsible marijuana law reform. He has also received the following honors and awards: Best Lawyers in America, 1987 — Present; Texas Monthly – Texas Super Lawyers; Top 100 Texas Super Lawyers; Top 50 Central and West Texas Region Super Lawyers, Criminal Defense: White Collar, 2003 — 2007; Scene in SA Monthly – San Antonio’s Best Attorneys, San Antonio Law, Top Ten Lawyers, 2004 — present; Texas Lawyer Legal Legends, 100 Best Lawyers over Last 100 years (100 Year Anniversary of State Bar of Texas), 2000; Fellow, State Bar Foundation, 1976 — Present; Recipient, Robert C. Heeney Memorial Award [Outstanding Criminal Defense Attorney in the United States] from the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, 1991; Recipient, Outstanding Criminal Defense Lawyer in Texas from the State Bar of Texas, 1991; Justice Albert Tate, Jr. Award [Outstanding Contribution to Criminal Advocacy] from the Louisiana Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, 1993; Recipient, John Henry Faulk Civil Libertarian of the Year Award from the American Civil Liberties Union; Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Hall of Fame, 2002; Marquis Who’s Who, Who’s Who in American Law, 14th Edition, 2006 — 2008; First Annual Michael J. Kennedy Social Justice Award, George Washington University, (May, 2016); William S. Sessions American Inns of Court First Annual Goldstein Award of Excellence (2015); San Antonio Bar Association, Joe Frazier Brown, Jr., Award of Excellence for Outstanding Leadership and Service to the Legal Community & Citizens of Texas, 2016.

He is a member of the following professional associations: National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers Association, Past President (1994 — 1995); Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Association, Past President; International Academy of Trial Lawyers; American College of Trial Lawyers; American Board of Criminal Lawyers; American Board of Trial Advocates, President ; Dean’s Round Table, University of Texas School of Law; Texas Civil Liberties Union; San Antonio Bar Association; American Bar Association; and the Texas Trial Lawyers Association.


John Wesley Hall

John Wesley Hall

John Wesley Hall, Little Rock criminal defense attorney, is a Past President of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. Hall received the organization’s prestigious Robert C. Heeney Award in 2002 for service to the criminal defense bar. He was chair of the NACDL Ethics Advisory Committee from 1990-2005, and on the International Criminal Court’s Disciplinary Appeals Tribunal. He has tried 250+ jury trials and handled 250+ appeals, including three in the U.S. Supreme Court. He is the author of Search and Seizure (3d ed., 4th ed. forthcoming), Professional Responsibility in Criminal Defense Practice (3d ed.), Trial Handbook for Arkansas Lawyers (4th ed.), and numerous articles. He has done CLEs in 38 states, 3 provinces, and The Hague.


David Holland

David Holland

David Holland is a Partner and a member of Prince Lobel’s Business Litigation, Cannabis, and White Collar practice groups. He has an extensive background in civil and criminal RICO cases as well as representing a broad range of stakeholders in the Cannabis industry. His clients span from legacy market operators, social equity applicants, entry-level investors to coordinating, advising and serving as management in the Executive Suites of noted cannabis-related organizations. David has been and remains a leading voice in New York’s legalized cannabis laws and emerging industry rules and regulations.

David is the Executive and Legal Director of Empire State NORML. He is also a co-founder and President of the New York City Cannabis Industry Association as well as a pro bono Legal Advisor to Last Prisoner Project (LPP). He was instrumental in obtaining six presidential acts of clemency for elderly prisoners of the War on Drugs who were serving life without parole for cannabis offenses.  He is a frequent CLE presenter who has lectured the Federal Bar Association, the New York County Bar Association, Westchester County Bar Association, New Rochelle Bar Association, Sullivan County Bar Association, the New York Corporate Counsel’s Office, as well as past NORML Aspen and Key West Legal Seminars.

David is admitted to the Federal and State courts in New Jersey, New York, and Maryland, as well as the U.S. Supreme Court and the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals. He has been named a National Trial Lawyers Top 100 Attorney of the Year, New York Super Lawyer® in the area of Cannabis Law, Global Top 200 Cannabis Attorney, and has been listed in Marquis’ Who’s Who 2023 edition.


Khurshid Khoja

Khurshid Khoja
Khurshid Khoja is Principal of Greenbridge Corporate Counsel, a business law firm founded in 2012, which represents clientele in the cannabis industry-including social equity ventures, small businesses, as well as several publicly-traded multistate operators on regulatory, licensing, start-up, corporate, intellectual property, finance, and other transactional matters.

Khurshid serves as Chair Emeritus of the Board of Directors of the National Cannabis Industry Association, as the Co-chair of NCIA’s Policy Council.  He has previously served on the Board of the Minority Cannabis Business Association and as Co-chair of its Policy Committee, as well as serving as a founding board member of the California Cannabis Industry Association and as its General Counsel. 

Among other honors, Khurshid was profiled in The National Law Journal’s first ever Cannabis Law Trailblazers’ list in 2018, was featured in The Hemp Connoisseur magazine’s “100 People You Should Know” issue, and he’s been named to the annual Northern California Super Lawyers Rising Stars list multiple times. He was elected a Fellow of the American Bar Foundation, has twice received SSDP’s Unsung Hero Award, and Arcview Investor Network’s Outstanding Member Award.   His work has been profiled in multiple editions of the Arcview Market Research report, and his earliest days in California’s pre-regulated industry are chronicled in Doug Fine’s book Too High To Fail.


Gregory Morse

Gregory Morse

Gregory J. Morse, Esq. is a partner at the law firm of Morse & Morse, LLC with Amy Morse, Esq. and of counsel to Richard G. Lubin, P.A. in Palm Beach County, Florida. He and his law partner primarily practice state and federal criminal defense and heath care law. He began his legal career in 2000 at the West Palm Beach Public Defender’s Office and is currently CJA counsel in the Southern District of Florida. Gregory has had cases featured on: 48 hours, Inside Edition, American Monster, and In Ice Cold Blood.

Gregory graduated cum laude from New York Law School in 2000; he was a member of the International and Comparative Law Journal. He graduated with a degree in Political Science from State University of New York at Buffalo and The University of North London, London, England in 1997. He has been published in the New York Law School Law Review: Techno-Jury: Techniques in Verbal and Visual Persuasion, Vol. 54, No. 1 (2009/10). He has presented on the topics of: Technology in the Courtroom and Techniques in Direct and Cross Examination.

Gregory is an Emeritus member of the Craig S. Barnard Chapter of the American Inns of Court (board member from 2005-2010). He is a member of the NORML Legal Committee and N.A.C.D.L. He is considered a Top 100 trial lawyer by the National Trial Lawyers and a 10 Best Attorney in Florida by the American Institute of Criminal Law Attorneys. He was also legal advisor and Chairperson to the City of West Palm Beach’s Nuisance Board (2007-10). Prior to attending college and law school, he was the youngest elected shop steward of Service Employees’ International Union, Local 32 B&J in NY, NY.


William H. Murphy, Jr.

William H. Murphy, Jr.

William H. “Billy” Murphy, Jr. has practiced law for 35 years, including three years as a judge on the Circuit Court for Baltimore City, the highest level Maryland trial court. Mr. Murphy has tried numerous high-profile criminal and civil cases, including some of the most celebrated cases in Maryland history and in the country. In 2004, Mr. Murphy received the Charles Hamilton Houston Award for Lifetime Achievement in Litigation from the University of Baltimore School of Law in “recognition of his career of excellence, innovation and achievement in courtroom advocacy.”


Zoe Russell

Zoe Russell

Zoe Russell is an associate attorney with criminal defense firm Hunter, Lane, & Jampala, based in San Antonio, Texas, joining the team in 2022 after running a successful solo practice for three years. Zoe has garnered exceptional results for her clients in Bexar and surrounding counties defending against charges including sexual assault, assault with a deadly weapon, DWI, family violence, theft, and drug possession.

Prior to opening her own practice, Zoe worked as an associate for Flanary Law Firm and also clerked throughout law school for both Flanary Law Firm and Goldstein, Goldstein & Hilley.

Zoe is a board member of the San Antonio Criminal Defense Lawyers Association (SACDLA), is the Chair of the SACDLA CLE Committee, and is a member of the Cannabis Committee of the Texas Criminal Defense Lawyers Association (TCDLA). In 2022, Zoe was the recipient of both the Young Defender of the Year Award from SACDLA and the Young Lawyer of the Year Award from the San Antonio Young Lawyers Association (SAYLA).

Zoe graduated magna cum laude from St. Mary’s School of Law where she served as the President of the Criminal Law Association and research assistant to criminal law professor John Schmolesky. Before attending law school, she lobbied for marijuana reform on the state-level, particularly engaging with Republican members of the Texas Senate and House of Representatives.


Joshua Treem

Joshua Treem

Joshua Treem represents individual and corporate clients in a broad spectrum of legal matters. He appears frequently in state and federal courts across Maryland and neighboring jurisdictions in cases involving every facet of criminal investigations and prosecutions. He is particularly well known for his aggressive representation of individuals, including public officials, lobbyists, and high-level state administrators, as well as businesses, in state and federal criminal investigations and grand jury proceedings.

Joshua was selected the Lawyer of the Year for General Practice Criminal Defense in 2020 and 2018, and the Lawyer of the Year for Criminal Defense: Non-White-Collar in the Baltimore in area in 2016 by Best Lawyers in America. He has been recognized by his peers for inclusion in Best Lawyers in America in the General Practice Criminal Defense, White-Collar Criminal Defense, and Civil Rights Law areas; and has been chosen annually by his peers to the Maryland Super Lawyers.

Joshua has extensive experience representing clients accused by the government of fraud, handled numerous cases involving controlled substances and related issues, and successfully represented college students in campus disciplinary proceedings over charges of sexual misconduct. He also devotes substantial time to pro bono matters relating to important criminal and constitutional law issues.

Joshua began his legal career by participating in the United States Attorney General’s Honors Program, then serving as an attorney in the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, and as an Assistant United States Attorney in Baltimore from 1973 to 1978. He has served as lecturer at the National Institute for Trial Advocacy (NITA) and the National Business Institute, and he serves on the CJA-Felony Panel, a federal court committee that administers the Criminal Justice Act in Maryland, appointing counsel to indigent defendants.


Dan Viets

Dan Viets

Dan Viets is an attorney in private practice in Columbia, MO, concentrating on the defense of marijuana cases. He has served for many years as the Missouri State Coordinator for NORML. He is a former president of the Missouri Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, former chair of the board of the Mid-Missouri ACLU, former president of the University of Missouri student body and former chair of the City of Columbia Human Rights Commission.

Mr. Viets was the recipient of the 1993 Martin Luther King Association’s “Keeping the Dream Alive” award and the 1995 Mid-Missouri “Civil Libertarian of the Year.” Dan was named High Times Freedom Fighter of the Month in March, 2005 for his work helping to pass both a marijuana decriminalization initiative and a medical marijuana initiative in the November, 2004 election in Columbia. He received the 2005 Atticus Finch Outstanding Criminal Defense Lawyer award from the Missouri Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. In January, 2006 he received the Trailblazer award from the Mid-Missouri NAACP. He received the “Audiencey Award” from Conan O’Brien on the Tonight Show for looking most like the college professor who could always get you weed.

Dan hosts a weekly radio program, called “Sex, Drugs and Civil Liberties”, on a community station affiliated with National Public Radio. He chaired the Board of New Approach Missouri which legalized medical marijuana in 2018 and plans to legalize Adult Use and Cultivation in 2022.

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