New Jersey: Lawmakers Send Bills to Governor Enacting Adult-Use Marijuana Legalization

Trenton, NJ: Members of the New Jersey state Assembly and Senate have advanced legislation to the Governor legalizing the possession, production, and retail sale of marijuana to adults. Lawmakers approved the measures weeks after voters decided in favor of Public Question 1 on Election Day – which instructed the legislature to regulate the adult-use cannabis market.

Lawmakers advanced a series of bills to Democratic Gov. Phil Murphy. Senate Bill 21/Assembly Bill 21 establish rules for licensing commercial cannabis producers and retailers. Under the measure, adults will be able to legally purchase up to one ounce of cannabis from state-licensed retailers. Retail sales will be subject to state sales tax, and 70 percent of sales tax revenue will initially be earmarked toward designated communities. For the first two years, the number of state-licensed cultivators will be capped at 37. Existing state-licensed medical cannabis producers will be among those eligible to provide to the retail market.

Separate legislation, Senate Bill 2535/Assembly Bill 1897, removes criminal and civil penalties for the private possession of up to six ounces of cannabis by those ages 21 and older, as well as the possession of personal use amounts of hashish (up to 170 grams). The measure also restricts police from conducting a search solely on the basis of the odor of cannabis.

Historically, New Jersey police have placed significant emphasis on marijuana law enforcement. An analysis of nationwide arrest data published in 2018 reported that New Jersey was third in the nation in total marijuana arrests and second only to Wyoming in per capita marijuana arrests.

Commenting on the passage of the statewide legalization bills, NORML State Policies Coordinator Carly Wolf said, “Lawmakers should be commended for working quickly to implement the will of the voters, who made their mandate clear at the ballot box. While these measures are not perfect and our work is far from finished, it is a crucial step forward toward repairing the decades of damage done to New Jersey’s most vulnerable communities as a result of the enforcement of marijuana prohibition. Going forward, tens of thousands of otherwise law-abiding New Jersey citizens will no longer be subject to arrest, incarceration, and a criminal record for their personal use of marijuana, and that is a reason to celebrate.”

For more information, contact Carly Wolf, NORML State Policies Coordinator.