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Minnesota Laws & Penalties

Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine  

Possession

Less than 42.5 g* misdmeanor N/A $ 200
42.5 g - 10 kg felony 5 years $ 5,000
10 - 50 kg felony 20 years $ 250,000
50 - 100 kg felony 25 years $ 500,000
More than 100 kg felony 30 years $ 1,000,000
More than 1.4 grams inside one's vehicle (except the trunk) misdemeanor 90 days $ 1,000
* A conditional discharge is possible for first time offenders.
* There is a possible drug education course requirement.

Sale

Less than 42.5 g* without remuneration misdmeanor N/A $ 200
42.5 g - 5 kg felony 5 years $ 10,000
5 - 25 kg felony 20 years $ 250,000
25 - 50 kg felony 25 years $ 500,000
More than 50 kg felony 30 years $ 1,000,000
Importing 50 kilograms or more felony 35 years $ 1,250,000
To a minor felony 20 years $ 250,000
Within a school zone or other specified areas felony 15 years $ 100,000
More than 25 kg in a school zone felony 30 years $ 1,000,000
* There is a possible drug education course requirement.

Cultivation

See Possession section for details.

Hash & Concentrates

Penalties for hashish and marijuana are generally treated equally under the law. Please see details below.

Paraphernalia

Possession of paraphernalia misdemeanor N/A $ 300

Miscellaneous

Conviction for possession or sale while driving may result in a 30 day driver's license suspension.

Penalty Details

Possession for Personal Use

Possession of 42.5 grams or less is a misdmeanor punishable by a maximum fine of $200.*

* A conditional discharge is possible for first time offenders.
* There is a possible drug education course requirement.

Possession of 42.5 grams- 10 kilograms is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 5 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $5,000.

Possession of 10- 50 kilograms is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 20 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $250,000.

Possession of 50-100 kilograms is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 25 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $500,000.

Possession of more than 100 kilograms is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 30 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $1,000,000.

Possession of more than 1.4 grams inside one's vehicle (except the trunk) is a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum sentence of 90 days imprisonment and a maximum fine of $1,000.

See:

  • Section 152.021 of the Minnesota Statutes
  • Section 152.022 of the Minnesota Statute
  • Section 152.023 of the Minnesota Statute
  • Section 152.024 of the Minnesota Statute
  • Section 152.025 of the Minnesota Statute
  • Section 152.027 of the Minnesota Statute

Sale

The distribution of 42.5 grams or less without remuneration is a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum fine of $200.*

* There is a possible drug education course requirement.

The sale of less than 5 kilograms is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 5 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $10,000.

The sale of 5-25 kilograms is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 20 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $250,000.

The sale of 25-50 kilograms is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 25 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $500,000.

The sale of more than 50 kilograms is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 30 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $1,000,000.

Importing 50 kilograms or more into the state is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 35 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $1,250,000.

Sale to a minor is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 20 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $250,000.

Distribution within a school zone or other specified areas is a felony punishable by a maximum sentence of 15 years imprisonment and a maximum fine of $100,000.

See:

  • Section 152.021 of the Minnesota Statutes
  • Section 152.022 of the Minnesota Statute
  • Section 152.023 of the Minnesota Statute
  • Section 152.024 of the Minnesota Statute
  • Section 152.025 of the Minnesota Statute
  • Section 152.027 of the Minnesota Statute

Cultivation

Cultivation in Minnesota will be punished based upon the aggregate weight of the plants found. See the "Possession for Personal Use" section for further penalty details.

Hash & Concentrates

The Minnesota statute lists Marijuana and Tetrahydrocannabinol separately in Schedule 1 of the Minnesota controlled substances schedule. Tetrahydrocannabinols are defined as any mixture, compound, or preparation that contains the active THC component of the Cannabis plant or its resinous extractives. Case law refers to Hashish as the resinous form of Marijuana and generally holds that Marijuana and Hashish should be treated equally under the law.

The punishments enumerated in the statutes are equal for Marijuana and Tetrahydrocannabinols in all but one instance. The only difference is the decreased penalties for the possession of, or distribution without remuneration of, a small amount of plant-form Marijuana. This provision does not include Tetrahydrocannabinols. The statute specifically excludes the "resinous form" of Marijuana from inclusion in the definition.

Possession, distribution without remuneration, or sale of less than 5kg of Tetrahydrocannabinols is therefore subject to a term of incarceration not to exceed 5 years, and a fine not to exceed $10,000. For any of the above crimes, if a person has previously been convicted of a drug crime, the maximum period of incarceration and the maximum fine both double, and a mandatory minimum of 6 months imprisonment is imposed.

See:

  • § 152.02 of the Minnesota Statutes
  • § 152.01 of the Minnesota Statutes
  • § 152.027 of the Minnesota Statutes
  • § 152.025 of the Minnesota Statutes
  • Soutor v. State, 342 N.W.2d 175 (Ct. App. Min. 1984)

Paraphernalia

Possession of paraphernalia is a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum fine of $300.

See:

  • Section 152.092 of the Minnesota Statutes

Miscellaneous

When a person is convicted of possession or sale of marijuana, the sentencing court shall determine whether the person unlawfully sold or possessed the controlled substance while driving a motor vehicle. If so, the court shall notify the commissioner of public safety of its determination and order the commissioner to revoke the person's driver's license for 30 days.

See:

  • Section 152.0271 of the Minnesota Statutes
Conditional Release

The state allows conditional release or alternative or diversion sentencing for people facing their first prosecutions. Usually, conditional release lets a person opt for probation rather than trial. After successfully completing probation, the individual's criminal record does not reflect the charge.

Decriminalization

The state has decriminalized marijuana to some degree. Typically, decriminalization means no prison time or criminal record for first-time possession of a small amount for personal consumption. The conduct is treated like a minor traffic violation.

Medical Marijuana

This state has medical marijuana laws enacted. Modern research suggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applications. These include pain relief, nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders. Marijuana is also a powerful appetite stimulant and emerging research suggests that marijuana's medicinal properties may protect the body against some types of malignant tumors, and are neuroprotective. For more information see NORML's Medical Marijuana section.

Tax Stamps

This state has a marijuana tax stamp law enacted. This law mandates that those who possess marijuana are legally required to purchase and affix state-issued stamps onto his or her contraband. Failure to do so may result in a fine and/or criminal sanction. For more information, see NORML's report Marijuana Tax Stamp Laws And Penalties.






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