Proposition 19 Is No Threat To Workplace Safety

Redding Record Searchlight

September 12, 2010

by Dale Gieringer (Dale Gieringer is director of California NORML)

Opponents of marijuana legalization complain that Proposition 19 could endanger workplace safety. Employers, such as Ed Rullman of the Best Western Hilltop Inn in his Aug. 15 Op-Ed, object that Proposition 19 has a clause protecting employees against discrimination for private, adult use of marijuana. However, this is qualified by an important provision protecting employers’ right “to address consumption that actually impairs job performance.”

Why then should Proposition 19 be a problem for employers? Because they want to test employees for behavior that doesn’t affect job performance by using the inherently flawed and inaccurate technology of urine testing.

Contrary to popular misconception, urine tests don’t measure the active presence of marijuana in the system, but rather non-active chemical by-products that linger for days or weeks after any impairing effects have faded. Urine testing routinely flags the most harmless, weekend use of marijuana, while completely ignoring the No. 1 cause of drug abuse, alcohol.

Urine testing is therefore a highly unreliable indicator of impairment or job fitness. In fact, it is perfectly possible to be high as a kite and still pass a urine test with flying colors because marijuana doesn’t show up in the urine until hours after smoking. Such problems can be avoided by other, more accurate screening methods, such as blood tests, which detect the active presence of drugs in the system, or the field sobriety checks used by law enforcement in DUI stops.

But aren’t urine tests still helpful in protecting workplace safety? Scientific evidence for this is conspicuously lacking. Urine testing has never undergone the kind of rigorous FDA “safety and efficacy” studies that are required for other medical devices and drugs.

Numerous studies have found that subjects who test positive for marijuana are no more accident-prone, and in some instances even safer, than those who don’t.

A recent expert review by the Canadian Center for Addictions Research recommended against use of drug urinalysis, concluding that “urinalysis has not been shown to have a meaningful impact on job injury/accident rates.”

A study of high-tech companies found that drug testing was associated with reduced productivity, apparently because it undermines worker morale and trust. Drug urinalysis may thus be an indicator of sloppy management by large corporations who exercise poor oversight over workers.

Until recent years, it would have been laughable to suppose that American workers should be forced to submit urine samples to prove their job worthiness. The U.S. is alone among developed countries in regarding urine testing as a routine practice. In the Netherlands, where marijuana is legally available to all adults, drug testing is hardly used, yet workplace safety is substantially better than in the U.S.

The bottom line is that marijuana residues in urine pose no risk to workplace safety. In many cases, it is even preferable to let employees use marijuana for medical purposes at home so as to help avoid pain and other problems that can impair their performance.

Of course, there may exist situations where some kind of drug testing is useful in protecting workplace safety. If so, Proposition 19 specifically permits it. In no case would Proposition 19 override existing federal drug testing rules, anymore than did Proposition 215.

In general, however, Proposition 19 would benefit countless workers — pot users and non-users alike — by sparing them the degrading indignity of submitting to intrusive, misleading urine tests that have no bearing on job fitness.

47 thoughts

  1. Proposition 19 Is No Threat To Workplace Safety…your joking right. There are more front abuses going on the in the prescription drug use then natural holistic uses.

    I dont of any one as of yet to OD on this natural plant or commit suicide or hold up a bank with it nor has there been any documented causation to loosing a limb at work.

    I object totally in fact politician should considerate on the drug testing for Welfare Checks rather then causing a distraction of this sort

  2. How many times have i said before that Drug Testing Kits were invented by Corporations such as the Drug/ Alcohol / Tobacco Companies long ago to deter you from Marijuana use ?!!Maijuana test positive & their deadly drugs test negative . Walmart says it will fire any employee that test positive in a drug test for
    ” safety reasons ” .

    Meanwhile……..Walmart sells legal drugs and Drug Corporations ( example ; Wyeth , Pfisner , King pharmaceuticals ) sponsor ” Drug Free America “.

    Prescription drugs , pharmaceuticals , over the counter drugs are all sold by Walmart .

  3. i am on probation for possieon and i get drug tested its iggnorant this is so dumb it illegal. it never harmed me, or any one. i was a casual smoker. like most hardworking americans i have a job and a house, i dont break laws, buy by smoking and not drinking bc i know that is worse for me i am labled a “crimnal”

  4. ” The Redding Searchlight ,Times Standard , Los Angeles Times , San Francisco Chronicle ” , newspapers out of California are all Pro – Marijuana bringing you the truth . If they were to lie people would not read or buy their newspapers .

    Many Christian groups & organizations will tell you lies about Marijuana but what they are doing is riding in the front seat with THE GREAT SATAN called the DEVIL himself …………

    ….to lie and use deception to fool & trick you .

    Methodists , Catholics , Baptists , Jehovah Witness & all the other names they have make these Churches………organizations . They are ; business organizations & will tell you many lies about Marijuana because they too are given huge sums of money by Corporations – Pharmacuticals .They are the
    ” false religions ” Jesus Christ himself told us about
    would appear in
    ” the last days ” .

  5. I agree whole heartedly that other employees should still be protected, but the underlying factor in the matter is the inacurate test’s that are used. Not to mention the fact that employers have a wide range of test kit’s to choose from. Which test kit is more accurate than which. Unified accepted test should be administered to create redundantcy.


    ACLU Briefing Paper Number 5
    Are drug tests reliable?
    No. The drug screens used by most companies are not reliable. These tests yield false positive results at least 10 percent, and possibly as much as 30 percent, of the time. Experts concede that the tests are unreliable. At a recent conference, 120 forensic scientists, including some who worked for manufacturers of drug tests, were asked, “Is there anybody who would submit urine for drug testing if his career, reputation, freedom or livelihood depended on it?” Not a single hand was raised. Although more accurate tests are available, they are expensive and infrequently used. And even the more accurate tests can yield inaccurate results due to laboratory error. A survey by the National Institute of Drug Abuse, a government agency, found that 20 percent of the labs surveyed mistakenly reported the presence of illegal drugs in drug-free urine samples. Unreliability also stems from the tendency of drug screens to confuse similar chemical compounds. For example, codeine and Vicks Formula 44-M have been known to produce positive results for heroin, Advil for marijuana, and Nyquil for amphetamines.

    “Americans have traditionally believed that general searches of innocent people are unfair.”

    Several years ago, the number of drug tests on employees 50 million. Each one of those tests costs a lot of money, wasted. They provide a service that is not even reliable while violating Americans’ 4th amendment right to privacy of person.

    This sort of policy doesn’t come about naturally or out of necessity, it comes about because degenerates manipulate public policy (through lobbying and kickbacks) to force customers through the doors of drug testing centers. Greed drives people to sick money making schemes

  7. NORML, please tell us honestly… Is there REALLY any chance this could actually possibly pass? I mean really, it’s been illegal for generations, and if it passes it would have enormous consequences for the entire western hemisphere… mostly good consequences, but enormous none the less. And Americans are generally afraid of change. So really, is there honestly any chance at all prop 19 can pass? Are we all holding our breath in vain?

    [Editor’s note: Currently, the polling favors an affirmative outcome. The next 50 days or so are crucial!]

  8. Ed Rullman of the Best Western Hilltop Inn is probably a drunk, why else would he publish his name on such an un-orthodox subject.

    A YES Vote on Proposition 19 will send a clear message to all those buggars on capitol hill.

  9. They test for mj metabolites ok. Then test for alcohol metabolites that last approx. 3-5 days. The juicers say-lets find another kind of test.Because there goes the weekend. No more foggy alcohol head with fingers scattered around the machine all bloody with mister mj smoker puttin on the band aids.

  10. I would love for my employer to quit wasting money random testing employees and pre screening for employment. What people don’t understand is that most harmful drugs are out of the system in 72 hours so thse test have a bias to catch MJ users. Personally what does it matter what i do on my time as long as im not doing it on company time

  11. Again as with many times over, Allen hits the nail on the head. It is ridiculous that employers are running around trying to get our pee! GTFO! Only in America. If folks were not making so much money from cannabis being kept illegal, then we wouldn’t have to submit to these witch hunts. Then you have the drug”czar” who is legally bound to speak only bad of cannabis. I say Kerlikowske be forced to do random testing to confirm that he is on crack for signing his 1st amendment rights away upon taking his job. No matter what prohibitionist say or do, they’ll still be wrong and have failed stopping honest folks like me and you from having their evening bowl in peace at home. If you’ll excuse me, it is that time now. Peace.

  12. “If” one is needed when Cannabis is legal and taxed, an at the time test,similar to alcohols breathalizer could be used.

  13. i am 18 years old and have used marijuana since i was 14 years old i work in a warehouse doing manual labor. my back hurts from doing this. and thus it makes sleeping very pain full and hard on me. and i have even used marijuana for other medical reasons like vertigo it makes you very dizzy and sick thus smokeing marijuana helped me with my dizziness and vomiting.

    thanks keith

  14. This is Awesomeness! The test is an unproven way to check job performance. Most people are responsible drinkers just like being a responsible smoker. If not, throw them out with the drunks. Accepting responsibility for your own actions is all no matter what substance you have consumed the day before but still can be just as efficient on the job as if you did not partake. If you want to let freedom ring, then leave pot smokers alone.

  15. What about the oral swab test? I remember having to submit a saliva sample for a job once. How well does that test detect recent cannabis use? Seems like any employer worried about the sobriety of a worker on the clock could ask them to submit a saliva sample. Much less degrading than having to pee in a cup…

  16. There you go again, using verifyable facts and sound logic just so people can smoke pot. First of all, employeers being in an intimidating position of power over their at least marginally willing slaves, I mean employees, is fundamental to how management exploits, I mean uses, I mean provides employment. And what about all the employment provided by drug testing companies; don’t those people need jobs too? I mean it’s not like drug testing even costs the companies anything, as the costs are simply passed along to end consumers like you and me. In fact, everyone pays for drug testing, so it is very fair. And drug testing is even voluntary! People can just work elsewhere if they don’t want to be team players and contribute to a safe work place. And don’t you dare bring up so called Constitional rights or rights to privacy. You know for a fact government and corporations largely ignore all those, except when it serves them from time to time, as they have for many years now. And after all, drug testing is for employees own good, for their safety. You just want people to be high on marijuana all the time at work and cause dangerous, deadly accidents. Oh the shame, the shame…

  17. When I’m asked to take a drug test, I always respond yes, if the person heading the organization will take a polygraph test. I always offer to pay for their test if they will pay for mine, and only stipulate that we both reserve the right to make the results of those tests public. I’ve never yet had anyone accept my proposal. I wonder why? One thing I have noticed about prohibitionists; while they sure can dish it out, they can’t take it worth a damn.

  18. they keep taking our constitutional rights away in the name of safety, only because the big corporate lobbyist mainly drug testing companies want to keep lining thier pockets we elect thse idiotic politicians and they keep making laws to screw us over ,how can we stop thse idiots they ere lobbying now to drug test us to get our drivers license,i like smoking weed at home not work its no ones business what i do friday night at home but these communists want to drug test randomly all the time in the name of safety what a lie

  19. I hope to have the same freedom to decide in my ciuntry like in California, here it is a taboo only to speak about it, think about to do a referendum for legalization it is a dream

  20. As a Christian who takes seriously Jesus command to do unto others what I would have them do unto me, I know that if my child were using marijuana, I’d want to work with him or her as a parent rather than seeing him or her with a criminal record, in jail with the sexual predators, lose their college financial aid, and all of the very real harm that would be caused, not by the marijuana, but by the law. I would hate for that to happen to anyone’s child, but it does, every day. Every single day. It’s the law.
    Likewise, if my aging parents were to try a little marijuana to ease the aches and pains of growing older, I would not want to see the police confiscate their home and sell it under the property forfeiture laws. I’d hate for that to happen to anyone’s parent, but it does. Every day. Every single day. It’s the law.
    All the anti-prop-19 arguments boil down to “it’s better to put people in jail than to let ordinary Americans grow a little marijuana in their own back yards.”
    The key to putting an end to this mess: Register to vote. Just google your state name and the phrase “voter registration”. You’ve got to register well in advance of election day; it only takes five minutes (even if you have to download a form and take it downtown, it’s well worth the effort).

  21. Drug testing is a case study in the mutation of neo-liberal concepts of efficiency within the diegetic space provided by Adam West’s vision of capitalism and various puritanical trends of moral surveillance.

    Urine testing only conforms to capitalist models of efficiency only if procedure of testing, the results of testing, and the actions meant to bridge the two could be handled in a manner that was either neutral or cheaper than not doing the tests. After all, if the tests could be summed to cost nothing, then why not do the tests? If the tests influenced the cost downwards, or the quality of product upwards, then that business would have an advantage that others would be foolish not to adopt as well.

    However, as urine testing costs have never reclined and no study has ever shown urine testing to have much of any correlation to work output, the proper context of the issue cannot help but become more expansive. Being a howling liberal blowhard myself, the subject of urine testing snuggles right up into the warm centers of my brain that equates modern conservative trends with that of a rather insidious psychosis. It’s a certain pathological neurosis that can imagine Ayn Rand and Jesus of Nazareth cozying up to each other over a pot of tea and carrying on about the weather while their violently irretractable differences steam angrily beneath a heavy blanket of repression.

    Perhaps I too am not taking the longview on this issue which may indeed roll back into the thickly demure pastures of human inertia. Urine testing might well continue because of a rather serious bout of benign malfeasance only existing for the lack of motion to change. I do not find that reasoning to be of much substance when that same bit of longview to the damages of urine testing.

    Ultimately urine testing actively promotes a permanent unemployable underclass by shackling viable workers to inescapable pink slips. Urine testing hurts the creativity, productivity, and profitability of private enterprise with the expense of the testing process and the deliberate exclusion of workplace populations.

    These are the two most soluble effects of urine testing. There are many more to be sure, a whole genre’s worth, to include: the true poverty of the test itself as a dipstick of workplace drug use, the tests nebulous relationship of workplace productivity, the injustice of this level of government intrusion over something as innocuous as marijuana, etc.

  22. Please contribute to the Prop 19 cause. They want to raise $50,000 today, September 13th. They have currenty raised about $32,000 as of 2 pm. If we want this to pass we are ALL going to have to chip in. I live in Tennessee but have donated to the cause in California!

  23. Proposition 19 is not only about cannabis use.

    P19 is the knife that declares Freedom

    Best you understand ‘the place

    The Place where complete understanding ‘becomes

    The Chance

  24. drug testing is constitutionally wrong but no one care to stop it they will never stop testing us and punishing us for what we do in the privacy of our own homes even if california passes prop 19 which i hope they do the money men and politicians will never let it happen they will sue californian and overturn the law just like they did to arizonia on immigration allen st.pierre how can we keep this law if it does pass in cal and attorney general sues to overide prop 19s passage

  25. well, if your worried about work place safety, just answer your work place safe now ? because people who smoke are smoking now and have been.this law will not bring that many new smokers to the seen, because most everyone that has the desire , smokes now ,and we’ve been doing it for decades . now who missed this point?

  26. It’s simple, of course. Traffic stops, and workplace random testing must be done via blood testing. The good news is, that 4-6 hours after smoking, blood levels will be WELL below the threshold for detection.

    Insist that you be given a blood test, even if you’ve smoked within 24-hours. Deny anyone the right to test your urine, insisting instead that they draw your blood, to ensure accuracy!

    Best of luck to California on Prop 19!!

  27. If the reasons in support of drug testing are valid, why aren’t the Congress, Supreme Court, Executive Branch and Department heads of the federal government tested? Oh, I’m sorry, I forgot. They just make and enforce the rules the rest of us have to live by. Those same rules don’t apply to them.

  28. i just have a question and a suggestion. 1. Has Obama commented on what he will do if prop19 passes? 2. Can a link be put up on the front page to frequently asked questions about prop19? I have a lot of questions and I think everyone would appreciate it.

    [Paul Armentano responds: There is already is a link to the official Prop. 19 website that appears in the upper right hand corner of NORML’s homepage. The website has a comprehensive FAQ page here: The NORML AudioStash page also links from its home page to NORML’s word-by-word analysis of Prop. 19 here: These pages should answer any and all questions about the language of the initiative.]

  29. Logically, one is required to fire someone who cannot perform the job. But if one is trying to enforce an ideology over reality, one hires, fires, and prosecutes based on lifestyle and belief systems rather then job or civil performance. This is why people do UA’s instead of performance evaluations.

  30. i used to smoke for treatment of my migraines. i could feel the pain of the migraine coming on and light up and 1-2 puffs and less than 5 minutes the pain would be gone. sometimes would wake up with a migraine (the worst)… smoke 1/2 a joint and about 5-10 minutes the pain would be gone. then i got busted for possession. now i treat it with over the counter crap (excedrin migraine bleh!) and prescription maxalt and imitrex. all of which takes 30 minutes to 2 hours to be effective. that, for me, was a major step backwards in treating my pain. of course i would smoke it sometimes for purely recreational purposes… but does not everybody?

    ok, off my soapbox…

  31. It was recommended to me by my doctor for pain (I have arthritis). It hasn’t in any way interfered my job, but then again they don’t do radon drug tests at my workplace.

  32. Just a reminder Norml, since you guys have so many balls you are juggling right now, that the DEA is claiming Prop 19 is “unconstitutional” based on the fact that federal law trumps state law.

    However, liquor prohibition of the 30s– an actual constitutional amendment– was overturned in several places FAR before the amendment repeal was passed. Specifically look at New York and when THEY ended their prohibition. Less than 5 years after the amendment was passed.

    I know you know this, I just wanted to point out that this argument will be one that needs using again in the near future.

  33. “For the last many decades, I have worked with Keith Stroup and Alan St. Pierre of NORML, the National Organization for the Reform of the Marijuana Laws, to try to change drug policy in the United States and elsewhere in the world.

    I really believe that the marijuana laws are a terrible injustice.

    They make no sense scientifically, ethically, legally, or any way. They cost a fortune to enforce and we incarcerate hundreds of thousands of people, who have done nothing else but possess or distribute marijuana.

    Maybe it’s because I’m a child of the 60’s and marijuana has been such a positive part of my life. I have never seen it as being addictive, having spent weeks, and months, and days of my life (and years) without using marijuana in any form.

    For me, it’s a kind of a sacrament, something that should be used wisely and in the context of a loving family existence.

    One of the tragedies of prohibition is that it makes people lie so much about something they shouldn’t be lying about.

    I’m really proud of the fact that my children were the last of their friends to experiment with any kind of drugs, because we never lied to them about drugs, and because when we did tell them about substances that we think are dangerous, they believed us, because they knew we could be trusted.

    So, I’d just like to say that, as former president of the NORML advisory board, and as a life-long activist hoping to see the marijuana laws change in my lifetime, and, you know, anything that’s used responsibly, and in moderation, and as a part, a normal part of life, not as a hidden, secret, criminal enterprise, but something that’s done in the context of a family.

    You know, our family prefers marijuana to alcohol.

    There’s a place for alcohol too, but there’s no reason why adults shouldn’t be allowed to do something which not only doesn’t add harm to themselves or others, but is a way to enhance the beauty of life, the beauty of eating, of listening to music, of being with friends and family, of being with the one you love.

    There’s really no limit to the possibilities, as long as it is done within the context of a healthy personality and life.

    And so, that’s why I spend so much of my time working to change the marijuana laws.

    I don’t think it’s right that middle class people like me can be free to do what we want where other people, who don’t have our resources, can see everything they have worked for taken away from them, for the use of the something which is certainly not as harmful as tobacco or alcohol.”

    – Ann Druyan “A Plea for a Change in the Marijuana Laws”
    (At Home in the Cosmos with Annie Druyan – video podcast)

  34. To me the most important reason weed is illegal is the fact that it can make a person more open minded and perceptive and start to read between the lines of life. Weed can help you gain deeper understanding of many things. Once a person does this they become critical thinkers and can start to see through the lies we are fed by the media and our government every day. In general weed breeds indignation for the liberty deprived state we live in today. Some idiots say that weed makes you dumb but it made me smarter. Our government just wants us to be stupid brainwashed slaves and weed is counter productive to that goal. Weed can make you realize what the system and the man really are and how they are ruling every aspect of your existence.

  35. I am a carpenter with a long list of physical problems as do most in my field. These companies would rather have a person hung over and loded on pills at work rather than have a few tokes at night on your own couch!!!! This is ubsurd!!!! I dont believe in smoking at work, it is to dangerous some one could get very badly hurt. If a person has the right either by card or legalization , medicating at home should be allowed. However we are discriminated against simply because the federal goverment does’nt reconize pot, most importantly the pharmaceutical companies don’t have thier hand in it. I think it should be that if jobs are going to test then they should have to prove that the person in question is in fact high at the time, otherwise let them smoke. It is far better for a person to take a few tokes than to pop pills a drink like a fish to conquer the pain that we put our selves in for the employer, so we can keep uor jobs and our families fed. Many more bad things will come of drinking and pill use than pot, this we all know. I have been told by my union that it does’nt matter if I have my medical card, and if I want to be a carpenter “which is all I have know” then I have to take pills for my pain, and if I choose to use the medication that my Dr has said will help,I will loose my job!!!! How can that be? Check the studies on crimes and accidents, and compair what you see.Pot verses pills and alchohol. And to be told pills and alchohol is acceptable,that makes tons of sense,MY ASS!!! Sorry all for ranting but,I feel cheated. Things must change

  36. I just got my ommp forms stamped on 10/7/10 & mj use really helps with my Ulcerative Colitis & knee replacements but still alot of pain & Bursitis & & not able to sleep unless I use mj.. I make mj butter & make cookies since I dont like to smoke mj. My employer drug tested randomly on 10/28/10 & I tested positive……I was suspended for 1 week without pay & lost my bonus for October & had to sign a contract that they can test me monthly for the next 12 months……….I have to be tested today & have to be under what I tested on 10/28/10…..I must keep my job or else will not be able to keep a roof over my head so needless to say…….no more mj & back to painpills & sleep aids…this really sucks!!!!

    papa clutcht9… are so right!!!!

    S.J in Oregon

  37. The problem is with work place insurance companies. They give lower rates to companies that test their employees and demand testing after the simplest injuries. But the real cost is higher to employers as testing cost rise. And they lose better qualified employes that can save them in production cost. But too many employers use the urinalysis as a tool to replace employees that have reached the top of their pay scale with lower level employees.

  38. The government subsidizes drug testing to make it profitable. Do you think they can’t just write off the cost of the tests on their taxes? They do. Then they get tax breaks and government subsidized workers comp insurance discounts for doing it. Wow, all your company has to do is violate it’s employees, it will be effectively free of cost because of the tax writeoff, plus they get all sorts of yummy bonuses? And on top of that, they even get the submission master-slave effect that comes from enforcing submissive urination from their underlings, and make employees terrified to stand out or complain about problems for fear of being targeted for a drug test? Why WOULDN’T they want to violate their employees? I think people who put their personal/corporate greed above human rights and dignity should be first against the wall when the revolution comes!

  39. Very much so, C Lloyd. I would bet my life that when MJ becomes legal (as of this writing, legal in 2 states, and California will surely fall soon, and in Oregon!) and drug testing eventually becomes defunct (because over 90% of positive tests are for MJ, creating the illusion of cost-effectiveness), if we open the books on these bastards we’re going to see a boatload of corruption. I think we’re going to find deals with employers such as you just described. I think we’re going to find them screening out people for inconvenient health problems the insurance companies didn’t want on the insurance (which did happen in 1988:

    In 1988, the Washington, D.C. Police Department admitted it used urine samples collected for drug tests to screen female employees for pregnancy – without their knowledge or consent.

    It’s an unproven bit of invasive security theater that has been shown to actually reduce productivity and morale and doesn’t have any effect on workplace safety, and it’s highly inaccurate and unreliable, so where’s the payoff? If this happened once, do you really think they haven’t been doing it more?

    They are going to open the books on these places, like they did with the Catholic church in Germany a few years ago, and find some serious problems. Drug testing was forced on the American people based on skewed data, public ignorance, and moral panic, and it was popularized by witch hunt rhetoric (ie: if you don’t support drug testing, you support drug use, you’re not a drug user, are you?)–and as it’s never been tested and proven prior to enforcement, it’s also rarely or never really regulated. What do you think the chances are that there ISN’T a huge load of corruption going on behind the scenes, with a history like that?

    BTW, if you took a drug test and they tell you you’re pregnant, they have misused your sample, because drug tests test for metabolytes (as everyone here knows, I’m sure) and pregnancy tests do not. I’m pretty sure they test for hormones specific to pregnancy, but I’m pretty damned sure that the molecules your body creates after metabolyzing a substance are not related to pregnancy detection, and I’m pretty sure that pregnancy-specific hormone levels are irrelevant to drug use. I’m also pretty damned sure that when you’re testing specifically for metabolytes, you are NOT going to accidentally and totally not on-purpose get hormone levels on there either. Otherwise, why are OTC drug tests and pregnancy tests not interchangeable?

    Yet we have several pop culture shows that portray this as a natural thing that shouldn’t raise an eyebrow in the test-taker. Paid propaganda, or just public ignorance? Hard to tell, really.


    Dammit, I’m going to have to get used to putting that in the info box above. So far, only the one post–an ongoing list of links to use as a resource to raise awareness about the realities of drug testing and why it’s absolutely wrong.

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